JSON

Data dictionary

In this reference you'll find detailed explanations of the data model used by OpenSanctions, including the used entity types and their respective properties.

Entities and targets

OpenSanctions collects data about real-world entities, such as people, companies, sanctions and addresses, but also the relationships between them. In order to process that data, it is internally converted into an object graph that is defined below. Different exporters then might simplify the data for end-users.

Each data source produces a set of targets, the main entities described by the publisher (e.g. sanctioned companies, politicians or criminal actors), and any number of non-target adjacent entities. Non-target entities might include a polictical party that a politician is a member of, or an address they are linked to.

The data model used by OpenSanctions is FollowTheMoney, an ontology used in anti-corruption data analysis - in particular by the Aleph data platform. Only a subset of the entity types defined in FtM are used by OpenSanctions.

Schema types

All entities in OpenSanctions must conform to a schema, a definition that states what properties they are allowed to have. Some properties also allow entities to reference other entities, turning the entities into a graph.

The following schema types are currently referenced in OpenSanctions:

Schema definitions in detail

Address - Addresses

A location associated with an entity.

ExtendsInterval
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Interval:datedateDate
Interval:descriptiontextDescription
Interval:endDatedateEnd date
Interval:modifiedAtdateModified on
Interval:publisherstringPublishing source
Interval:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Interval:recordIdstringRecord ID
Interval:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Interval:sourceUrlurlSource link
Interval:startDatedateStart date
Interval:summarytextSummary
Address:citystringCityCity, town, village or other locality
Address:countrycountryCountry
Address:fullstringFull address
Address:latitudenumberLatitude
Address:longitudenumberLongitude
Address:postOfficeBoxstringPO BoxA mailbox indentifier at the post office
Address:postalCodestringPostal codeZip code or postcode.
Address:regionstringRegionAlso province or area.
Address:remarksstringRemarksHandling instructions, like 'care of'.
Address:statestringStateState or federal unit.
Address:streetstringStreet address
Address:street2stringStreet address (ctd.)
Address:thingsThingLocated theresee Thing:addressEntity (inverse)

Airplane - Airplanes

An airplane, helicopter or other flying vehicle.

ExtendsVehicle · Asset · Thing · Value
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Thing:addressaddressAddress
Thing:addressEntityAddressAddress
Thing:aliasnameOther name
Thing:countrycountryCountry
Thing:descriptiontextDescription
Thing:keywordsstringKeywords
Thing:modifiedAtdateModified on
Thing:namestringName
Thing:notestextNotes
Thing:previousNamenamePrevious name
Thing:programstringProgram
Thing:publisherstringPublishing source
Thing:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Thing:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Thing:sanctionsSanctionSanctionssee Sanction:entity (inverse)
Thing:sourceUrlurlSource link
Thing:summarytextSummary
Thing:topicstopicTopics
Thing:unknownLinkFromUnknownLinkLinked fromsee UnknownLink:object (inverse)
Thing:unknownLinkToUnknownLinkLinked tosee UnknownLink:subject (inverse)
Thing:weakAliasstringWeak alias
Thing:wikidataIdidentifierWikidata ID
Thing:wikipediaUrlurlWikipedia Article
Value:amountnumberAmount
Value:amountEurnumberAmount in EUR
Value:amountUsdnumberAmount in USD
Value:currencystringCurrency
Asset:ownershipAssetOwnershipOwnerssee Ownership:asset (inverse)
Vehicle:buildDatedateBuild Date
Vehicle:modelstringModel
Vehicle:operatorLegalEntityOperator
Vehicle:ownerLegalEntityOwner
Vehicle:registrationDatedateRegistration Date
Vehicle:registrationNumberidentifierRegistration number
Vehicle:typestringType
Airplane:icaoCodestringICAO aircraft type designator
Airplane:manufacturerstringManufacturer
Airplane:serialNumberidentifierSerial Number

Company - Companies

A corporation, usually for profit. Does not distinguish between private and public companies, and can also be used to model more specific constructs like trusts and funds. Companies are assets, so they can be owned by other legal entities.

ExtendsAsset · Thing · Value · Organization · LegalEntity
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Thing:addressaddressAddress
Thing:addressEntityAddressAddress
Thing:aliasnameOther name
Thing:countrycountryCountry
Thing:descriptiontextDescription
Thing:keywordsstringKeywords
Thing:modifiedAtdateModified on
LegalEntity:namenameName
Thing:notestextNotes
Thing:previousNamenamePrevious name
Thing:programstringProgram
Thing:publisherstringPublishing source
Thing:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Thing:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Thing:sanctionsSanctionSanctionssee Sanction:entity (inverse)
Thing:sourceUrlurlSource link
Thing:summarytextSummary
Thing:topicstopicTopics
Thing:unknownLinkFromUnknownLinkLinked fromsee UnknownLink:object (inverse)
Thing:unknownLinkToUnknownLinkLinked tosee UnknownLink:subject (inverse)
Thing:weakAliasstringWeak alias
Thing:wikidataIdidentifierWikidata ID
Thing:wikipediaUrlurlWikipedia Article
Value:amountnumberAmount
Value:amountEurnumberAmount in EUR
Value:amountUsdnumberAmount in USD
Value:currencystringCurrency
Asset:ownershipAssetOwnershipOwnerssee Ownership:asset (inverse)
LegalEntity:agencyClientRepresentationClientssee Representation:agent (inverse)
LegalEntity:agentRepresentationRepresentationAgentssee Representation:client (inverse)
LegalEntity:bvdIdidentifierBureau van Dijk ID
LegalEntity:classificationstringClassification
LegalEntity:cryptoWalletsCryptoWalletCryptocurrency walletssee CryptoWallet:holder (inverse)
LegalEntity:directorshipDirectorDirectorshipDirectorshipssee Directorship:director (inverse)
LegalEntity:dissolutionDatedateDissolution dateThe date the legal entity was dissolved, if applicable
LegalEntity:dunsCodeidentifierD-U-N-SDun & Bradstreet identifier
LegalEntity:emailemailE-MailEmail address
LegalEntity:icijIdstringICIJ IDID according to International Consortium for Investigative Journalists
LegalEntity:idNumberidentifierID NumberID number of any applicable ID
LegalEntity:identificiationIdentificationIdentificationssee Identification:holder (inverse)
LegalEntity:incorporationDatedateIncorporation dateThe date the legal entity was incorporated
LegalEntity:innCodeidentifierINNRussian company ID
Company:jurisdictioncountryJurisdiction
LegalEntity:legalFormstringLegal form
LegalEntity:mainCountrycountryCountry of originPrimary country of this entity
LegalEntity:membershipMemberMembershipMembershipssee Membership:member (inverse)
LegalEntity:okpoCodeidentifierOKPORussian industry classifier
LegalEntity:opencorporatesUrlurlOpenCorporates URL
LegalEntity:operatedVehiclesVehicleVehicles operatedsee Vehicle:operator (inverse)
LegalEntity:ownedVehiclesVehicleVehicles ownedsee Vehicle:owner (inverse)
LegalEntity:ownershipOwnerOwnershipAssets and sharessee Ownership:owner (inverse)
LegalEntity:parentLegalEntityParent companyIf this entity is a subsidiary, another entity (company or organisation) is its parent
LegalEntity:phonephonePhonePhone number
Company:registrationNumberidentifierRegistration number
LegalEntity:sectorstringSector
LegalEntity:securitiesSecurityIssued securitiessee Security:issuer (inverse)
LegalEntity:statusstringStatus
LegalEntity:subsidiariesLegalEntitySubsidiariessee LegalEntity:parent (inverse)
LegalEntity:swiftBicidentifierSWIFT/BICBank identifier code
LegalEntity:taxNumberidentifierTax NumberTax identification number
LegalEntity:taxStatusstringTax status
LegalEntity:vatCodeidentifierV.A.T. Identifier(EU) VAT number
LegalEntity:websiteurlWebsiteWebsite address
Organization:directorshipOrganizationDirectorshipDirectorssee Directorship:organization (inverse)
Organization:membershipOrganizationMembershipMemberssee Membership:organization (inverse)
Company:bikCodestringBIKRussian bank account code
Company:caemCodestringCOD CAEM(RO) What kind of activity a legal entity is allowed to develop
Company:capitalstringCapital
Company:cikCodeidentifierSEC Central Index KeyUS SEC Central Index Key
Company:coatoCodeidentifierCOATO / SOATO / OKATO
Company:fnsCodeidentifierFederal tax service code(RU, ФНС) Federal Tax Service related info
Company:fssCodestringFSS(RU, ФСС) Social Security
Company:ibcRucidentifieribcRUC
Company:ipoCodeidentifierIPO
Company:irsCodeidentifierIRS NumberUS tax ID
Company:jibCodeidentifierJIBYugoslavia company ID
Company:kppCodeidentifierKPP(RU, КПП) in addition to INN for orgs; reason for registration at FNS
Company:mbsCodeidentifierMBS
Company:ogrnCodeidentifierOGRNMajor State Registration Number
Company:okopfCodestringOKOPF(RU, ОКОПФ) What kind of business entity
Company:oksmCodestringOKSMRussian (ОКСМ) countries classifer
Company:okvedCodestringOKVED(2) Classifier(RU, ОКВЭД) Economical activity classifier. OKVED2 is the same but newer
Company:pfrNumberidentifierPFR Number(RU, ПФР) Pension Fund Registration number. AAA-BBB-CCCCCC, where AAA is organisation region, BBB is district, CCCCCC number at a specific branch
Company:voenCodeidentifierVOENAzerbaijan taxpayer ID

CryptoWallet - Cryptocurrency wallets

A cryptocurrency wallet is a view on the transactions conducted by one participant on a blockchain / distributed ledger system.

ExtendsThing · Value
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Thing:addressaddressAddress
Thing:addressEntityAddressAddress
Thing:aliasnameOther name
Thing:countrycountryCountry
Thing:descriptiontextDescription
Thing:keywordsstringKeywords
Thing:modifiedAtdateModified on
Thing:namestringName
Thing:notestextNotes
Thing:previousNamenamePrevious name
Thing:programstringProgram
Thing:publisherstringPublishing source
Thing:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Thing:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Thing:sanctionsSanctionSanctionssee Sanction:entity (inverse)
Thing:sourceUrlurlSource link
Thing:summarytextSummary
Thing:topicstopicTopics
Thing:unknownLinkFromUnknownLinkLinked fromsee UnknownLink:object (inverse)
Thing:unknownLinkToUnknownLinkLinked tosee UnknownLink:subject (inverse)
Thing:weakAliasstringWeak alias
Thing:wikidataIdidentifierWikidata ID
Thing:wikipediaUrlurlWikipedia Article
Value:amountnumberAmount
Value:amountEurnumberAmount in EUR
Value:amountUsdnumberAmount in USD
Value:currencystringCurrency
CryptoWallet:balancenumberBalance
CryptoWallet:balanceDatedateBalance date
CryptoWallet:creationDatedateCreation date
CryptoWallet:currencySymbolstringCurrency short code
CryptoWallet:holderLegalEntityWallet holder
CryptoWallet:mangingExchangestringManaging exchange
CryptoWallet:privateKeystringPrivate key
CryptoWallet:publicKeyidentifierAddressPublic key used to identify the wallet

Directorship - Directorships

ExtendsInterest · Interval
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Interval:datedateDate
Interval:descriptiontextDescription
Interval:endDatedateEnd date
Interval:modifiedAtdateModified on
Interval:publisherstringPublishing source
Interval:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Interval:recordIdstringRecord ID
Interval:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Interval:sourceUrlurlSource link
Interval:startDatedateStart date
Interval:summarytextSummary
Interest:rolestringRole
Interest:statusstringStatus
Directorship:directorLegalEntityDirector
Directorship:organizationOrganizationOrganization
Directorship:secretarystringSecretary

Family - Family members

Family relationship between two people

ExtendsInterval
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Interval:datedateDate
Interval:descriptiontextDescription
Interval:endDatedateEnd date
Interval:modifiedAtdateModified on
Interval:publisherstringPublishing source
Interval:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Interval:recordIdstringRecord ID
Interval:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Interval:sourceUrlurlSource link
Interval:startDatedateStart date
Interval:summarytextSummary
Family:personPersonPersonThe subject of the familial relation.
Family:relationshipstringRelationshipNature of the relationship, from the person's perspective eg. 'mother', where 'relative' is mother of 'person'.
Family:relativePersonRelativeThe relative of the subject person.

Identification - Identifications

An form of identification associated with its holder and some issuing country. This can be used for national ID cards, voter enrollments and similar instruments.

ExtendsInterval
Sub-typesPassport
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Interval:datedateDate
Interval:descriptiontextDescription
Interval:endDatedateEnd date
Interval:modifiedAtdateModified on
Interval:publisherstringPublishing source
Interval:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Interval:recordIdstringRecord ID
Interval:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Interval:sourceUrlurlSource link
Interval:startDatedateStart date
Interval:summarytextSummary
Identification:authoritystringAuthority
Identification:countrycountryCountry
Identification:holderLegalEntityIdentification holder
Identification:numberidentifierPassport number
Identification:typestringType

LegalEntity - Legal entities

Any party to legal proceedings, such as asset ownership, corporate governance or social interactions. Often used when raw data does not specify if something is a person or company.

ExtendsThing
Sub-typesCompany · Organization · Person · PublicBody
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Thing:addressaddressAddress
Thing:addressEntityAddressAddress
Thing:aliasnameOther name
Thing:countrycountryCountry
Thing:descriptiontextDescription
Thing:keywordsstringKeywords
Thing:modifiedAtdateModified on
LegalEntity:namenameName
Thing:notestextNotes
Thing:previousNamenamePrevious name
Thing:programstringProgram
Thing:publisherstringPublishing source
Thing:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Thing:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Thing:sanctionsSanctionSanctionssee Sanction:entity (inverse)
Thing:sourceUrlurlSource link
Thing:summarytextSummary
Thing:topicstopicTopics
Thing:unknownLinkFromUnknownLinkLinked fromsee UnknownLink:object (inverse)
Thing:unknownLinkToUnknownLinkLinked tosee UnknownLink:subject (inverse)
Thing:weakAliasstringWeak alias
Thing:wikidataIdidentifierWikidata ID
Thing:wikipediaUrlurlWikipedia Article
LegalEntity:agencyClientRepresentationClientssee Representation:agent (inverse)
LegalEntity:agentRepresentationRepresentationAgentssee Representation:client (inverse)
LegalEntity:bvdIdidentifierBureau van Dijk ID
LegalEntity:classificationstringClassification
LegalEntity:cryptoWalletsCryptoWalletCryptocurrency walletssee CryptoWallet:holder (inverse)
LegalEntity:directorshipDirectorDirectorshipDirectorshipssee Directorship:director (inverse)
LegalEntity:dissolutionDatedateDissolution dateThe date the legal entity was dissolved, if applicable
LegalEntity:dunsCodeidentifierD-U-N-SDun & Bradstreet identifier
LegalEntity:emailemailE-MailEmail address
LegalEntity:icijIdstringICIJ IDID according to International Consortium for Investigative Journalists
LegalEntity:idNumberidentifierID NumberID number of any applicable ID
LegalEntity:identificiationIdentificationIdentificationssee Identification:holder (inverse)
LegalEntity:incorporationDatedateIncorporation dateThe date the legal entity was incorporated
LegalEntity:innCodeidentifierINNRussian company ID
LegalEntity:jurisdictioncountryJurisdictionCountry or region in which this entity operates
LegalEntity:legalFormstringLegal form
LegalEntity:mainCountrycountryCountry of originPrimary country of this entity
LegalEntity:membershipMemberMembershipMembershipssee Membership:member (inverse)
LegalEntity:okpoCodeidentifierOKPORussian industry classifier
LegalEntity:opencorporatesUrlurlOpenCorporates URL
LegalEntity:operatedVehiclesVehicleVehicles operatedsee Vehicle:operator (inverse)
LegalEntity:ownedVehiclesVehicleVehicles ownedsee Vehicle:owner (inverse)
LegalEntity:ownershipOwnerOwnershipAssets and sharessee Ownership:owner (inverse)
LegalEntity:parentLegalEntityParent companyIf this entity is a subsidiary, another entity (company or organisation) is its parent
LegalEntity:phonephonePhonePhone number
LegalEntity:registrationNumberidentifierRegistration numberCompany registration number
LegalEntity:sectorstringSector
LegalEntity:securitiesSecurityIssued securitiessee Security:issuer (inverse)
LegalEntity:statusstringStatus
LegalEntity:subsidiariesLegalEntitySubsidiariessee LegalEntity:parent (inverse)
LegalEntity:swiftBicidentifierSWIFT/BICBank identifier code
LegalEntity:taxNumberidentifierTax NumberTax identification number
LegalEntity:taxStatusstringTax status
LegalEntity:vatCodeidentifierV.A.T. Identifier(EU) VAT number
LegalEntity:websiteurlWebsiteWebsite address

Membership - Memberships

ExtendsInterest · Interval
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Interval:datedateDate
Interval:descriptiontextDescription
Interval:endDatedateEnd date
Interval:modifiedAtdateModified on
Interval:publisherstringPublishing source
Interval:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Interval:recordIdstringRecord ID
Interval:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Interval:sourceUrlurlSource link
Interval:startDatedateStart date
Interval:summarytextSummary
Interest:rolestringRole
Interest:statusstringStatus
Membership:memberLegalEntityMember
Membership:organizationOrganizationOrganization

Organization - Organizations

Any type of incorporated entity that cannot be owned by another (see Company). This might include charities, foundations or state-owned enterprises, depending on their juristiction.

ExtendsLegalEntity · Thing
Sub-typesCompany · PublicBody
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Thing:addressaddressAddress
Thing:addressEntityAddressAddress
Thing:aliasnameOther name
Thing:countrycountryCountry
Thing:descriptiontextDescription
Thing:keywordsstringKeywords
Thing:modifiedAtdateModified on
LegalEntity:namenameName
Thing:notestextNotes
Thing:previousNamenamePrevious name
Thing:programstringProgram
Thing:publisherstringPublishing source
Thing:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Thing:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Thing:sanctionsSanctionSanctionssee Sanction:entity (inverse)
Thing:sourceUrlurlSource link
Thing:summarytextSummary
Thing:topicstopicTopics
Thing:unknownLinkFromUnknownLinkLinked fromsee UnknownLink:object (inverse)
Thing:unknownLinkToUnknownLinkLinked tosee UnknownLink:subject (inverse)
Thing:weakAliasstringWeak alias
Thing:wikidataIdidentifierWikidata ID
Thing:wikipediaUrlurlWikipedia Article
LegalEntity:agencyClientRepresentationClientssee Representation:agent (inverse)
LegalEntity:agentRepresentationRepresentationAgentssee Representation:client (inverse)
LegalEntity:bvdIdidentifierBureau van Dijk ID
LegalEntity:classificationstringClassification
LegalEntity:cryptoWalletsCryptoWalletCryptocurrency walletssee CryptoWallet:holder (inverse)
LegalEntity:directorshipDirectorDirectorshipDirectorshipssee Directorship:director (inverse)
LegalEntity:dissolutionDatedateDissolution dateThe date the legal entity was dissolved, if applicable
LegalEntity:dunsCodeidentifierD-U-N-SDun & Bradstreet identifier
LegalEntity:emailemailE-MailEmail address
LegalEntity:icijIdstringICIJ IDID according to International Consortium for Investigative Journalists
LegalEntity:idNumberidentifierID NumberID number of any applicable ID
LegalEntity:identificiationIdentificationIdentificationssee Identification:holder (inverse)
LegalEntity:incorporationDatedateIncorporation dateThe date the legal entity was incorporated
LegalEntity:innCodeidentifierINNRussian company ID
LegalEntity:jurisdictioncountryJurisdictionCountry or region in which this entity operates
LegalEntity:legalFormstringLegal form
LegalEntity:mainCountrycountryCountry of originPrimary country of this entity
LegalEntity:membershipMemberMembershipMembershipssee Membership:member (inverse)
LegalEntity:okpoCodeidentifierOKPORussian industry classifier
LegalEntity:opencorporatesUrlurlOpenCorporates URL
LegalEntity:operatedVehiclesVehicleVehicles operatedsee Vehicle:operator (inverse)
LegalEntity:ownedVehiclesVehicleVehicles ownedsee Vehicle:owner (inverse)
LegalEntity:ownershipOwnerOwnershipAssets and sharessee Ownership:owner (inverse)
LegalEntity:parentLegalEntityParent companyIf this entity is a subsidiary, another entity (company or organisation) is its parent
LegalEntity:phonephonePhonePhone number
LegalEntity:registrationNumberidentifierRegistration numberCompany registration number
LegalEntity:sectorstringSector
LegalEntity:securitiesSecurityIssued securitiessee Security:issuer (inverse)
LegalEntity:statusstringStatus
LegalEntity:subsidiariesLegalEntitySubsidiariessee LegalEntity:parent (inverse)
LegalEntity:swiftBicidentifierSWIFT/BICBank identifier code
LegalEntity:taxNumberidentifierTax NumberTax identification number
LegalEntity:taxStatusstringTax status
LegalEntity:vatCodeidentifierV.A.T. Identifier(EU) VAT number
LegalEntity:websiteurlWebsiteWebsite address
Organization:directorshipOrganizationDirectorshipDirectorssee Directorship:organization (inverse)
Organization:membershipOrganizationMembershipMemberssee Membership:organization (inverse)

Ownership - Ownerships

ExtendsInterest · Interval
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Interval:datedateDate
Interval:descriptiontextDescription
Interval:endDatedateEnd date
Interval:modifiedAtdateModified on
Interval:publisherstringPublishing source
Interval:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Interval:recordIdstringRecord ID
Interval:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Interval:sourceUrlurlSource link
Interval:startDatedateStart date
Interval:summarytextSummary
Interest:rolestringRole
Interest:statusstringStatus
Ownership:assetAssetAsset
Ownership:legalBasisstringLegal basis
Ownership:ownerLegalEntityOwner
Ownership:ownershipTypestringType of ownership
Ownership:percentagestringPercentage held
Ownership:sharesCountstringNumber of shares
Ownership:sharesCurrencystringCurrency of shares
Ownership:sharesTypestringType of shares
Ownership:sharesValuestringValue of shares

Passport - Passports

An passport held by a person.

ExtendsIdentification · Interval
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Interval:datedateDate
Interval:descriptiontextDescription
Interval:endDatedateEnd date
Interval:modifiedAtdateModified on
Interval:publisherstringPublishing source
Interval:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Interval:recordIdstringRecord ID
Interval:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Interval:sourceUrlurlSource link
Interval:startDatedateStart date
Interval:summarytextSummary
Identification:authoritystringAuthority
Identification:countrycountryCountry
Identification:holderLegalEntityIdentification holder
Identification:numberidentifierPassport number
Identification:typestringType
Passport:birthDatedateBirth date
Passport:birthPlacestringPlace of birth
Passport:genderstringGender
Passport:givenNamestringGiven name
Passport:passportNumberidentifierPassport number
Passport:personalNumberidentifierPersonal number
Passport:surnamestringSurname

Person - People

A natural person, as opposed to a corporation of some type.

ExtendsLegalEntity · Thing
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Thing:addressaddressAddress
Thing:addressEntityAddressAddress
Thing:aliasnameOther name
Thing:countrycountryCountry
Thing:descriptiontextDescription
Thing:keywordsstringKeywords
Thing:modifiedAtdateModified on
LegalEntity:namenameName
Thing:notestextNotes
Thing:previousNamenamePrevious name
Thing:programstringProgram
Thing:publisherstringPublishing source
Thing:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Thing:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Thing:sanctionsSanctionSanctionssee Sanction:entity (inverse)
Thing:sourceUrlurlSource link
Thing:summarytextSummary
Thing:topicstopicTopics
Thing:unknownLinkFromUnknownLinkLinked fromsee UnknownLink:object (inverse)
Thing:unknownLinkToUnknownLinkLinked tosee UnknownLink:subject (inverse)
Thing:weakAliasstringWeak alias
Thing:wikidataIdidentifierWikidata ID
Thing:wikipediaUrlurlWikipedia Article
LegalEntity:agencyClientRepresentationClientssee Representation:agent (inverse)
LegalEntity:agentRepresentationRepresentationAgentssee Representation:client (inverse)
LegalEntity:bvdIdidentifierBureau van Dijk ID
LegalEntity:classificationstringClassification
LegalEntity:cryptoWalletsCryptoWalletCryptocurrency walletssee CryptoWallet:holder (inverse)
LegalEntity:directorshipDirectorDirectorshipDirectorshipssee Directorship:director (inverse)
LegalEntity:dissolutionDatedateDissolution dateThe date the legal entity was dissolved, if applicable
LegalEntity:dunsCodeidentifierD-U-N-SDun & Bradstreet identifier
LegalEntity:emailemailE-MailEmail address
LegalEntity:icijIdstringICIJ IDID according to International Consortium for Investigative Journalists
LegalEntity:idNumberidentifierID NumberID number of any applicable ID
LegalEntity:identificiationIdentificationIdentificationssee Identification:holder (inverse)
LegalEntity:incorporationDatedateIncorporation dateThe date the legal entity was incorporated
LegalEntity:innCodeidentifierINNRussian company ID
LegalEntity:jurisdictioncountryJurisdictionCountry or region in which this entity operates
LegalEntity:legalFormstringLegal form
LegalEntity:mainCountrycountryCountry of originPrimary country of this entity
LegalEntity:membershipMemberMembershipMembershipssee Membership:member (inverse)
LegalEntity:okpoCodeidentifierOKPORussian industry classifier
LegalEntity:opencorporatesUrlurlOpenCorporates URL
LegalEntity:operatedVehiclesVehicleVehicles operatedsee Vehicle:operator (inverse)
LegalEntity:ownedVehiclesVehicleVehicles ownedsee Vehicle:owner (inverse)
LegalEntity:ownershipOwnerOwnershipAssets and sharessee Ownership:owner (inverse)
LegalEntity:parentLegalEntityParent companyIf this entity is a subsidiary, another entity (company or organisation) is its parent
LegalEntity:phonephonePhonePhone number
LegalEntity:registrationNumberidentifierRegistration numberCompany registration number
LegalEntity:sectorstringSector
LegalEntity:securitiesSecurityIssued securitiessee Security:issuer (inverse)
LegalEntity:statusstringStatus
LegalEntity:subsidiariesLegalEntitySubsidiariessee LegalEntity:parent (inverse)
LegalEntity:swiftBicidentifierSWIFT/BICBank identifier code
LegalEntity:taxNumberidentifierTax NumberTax identification number
LegalEntity:taxStatusstringTax status
LegalEntity:vatCodeidentifierV.A.T. Identifier(EU) VAT number
LegalEntity:websiteurlWebsiteWebsite address
Person:birthDatedateBirth date
Person:birthPlacestringPlace of birth
Person:deathDatedateDeath date
Person:educationstringEducation
Person:ethnicitystringEthnicity
Person:familyPersonFamilyFamily memberssee Family:person (inverse)
Person:familyRelativeFamilyRelativessee Family:relative (inverse)
Person:fatherNamestringPatronymic
Person:firstNamestringFirst name
Person:genderstringGender
Person:lastNamestringLast name
Person:middleNamestringMiddle name
Person:motherNamestringMatronymic
Person:nationalitycountryNationality
Person:passportNumberidentifierPassport number
Person:politicalstringPolitical association
Person:positionstringPosition
Person:religionstringReligion
Person:secondNamestringSecond name
Person:titlestringTitle

PublicBody - Public bodies

A public body, such as a ministry, department or state company.

ExtendsOrganization · LegalEntity · Thing
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Thing:addressaddressAddress
Thing:addressEntityAddressAddress
Thing:aliasnameOther name
Thing:countrycountryCountry
Thing:descriptiontextDescription
Thing:keywordsstringKeywords
Thing:modifiedAtdateModified on
LegalEntity:namenameName
Thing:notestextNotes
Thing:previousNamenamePrevious name
Thing:programstringProgram
Thing:publisherstringPublishing source
Thing:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Thing:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Thing:sanctionsSanctionSanctionssee Sanction:entity (inverse)
Thing:sourceUrlurlSource link
Thing:summarytextSummary
Thing:topicstopicTopics
Thing:unknownLinkFromUnknownLinkLinked fromsee UnknownLink:object (inverse)
Thing:unknownLinkToUnknownLinkLinked tosee UnknownLink:subject (inverse)
Thing:weakAliasstringWeak alias
Thing:wikidataIdidentifierWikidata ID
Thing:wikipediaUrlurlWikipedia Article
LegalEntity:agencyClientRepresentationClientssee Representation:agent (inverse)
LegalEntity:agentRepresentationRepresentationAgentssee Representation:client (inverse)
LegalEntity:bvdIdidentifierBureau van Dijk ID
LegalEntity:classificationstringClassification
LegalEntity:cryptoWalletsCryptoWalletCryptocurrency walletssee CryptoWallet:holder (inverse)
LegalEntity:directorshipDirectorDirectorshipDirectorshipssee Directorship:director (inverse)
LegalEntity:dissolutionDatedateDissolution dateThe date the legal entity was dissolved, if applicable
LegalEntity:dunsCodeidentifierD-U-N-SDun & Bradstreet identifier
LegalEntity:emailemailE-MailEmail address
LegalEntity:icijIdstringICIJ IDID according to International Consortium for Investigative Journalists
LegalEntity:idNumberidentifierID NumberID number of any applicable ID
LegalEntity:identificiationIdentificationIdentificationssee Identification:holder (inverse)
LegalEntity:incorporationDatedateIncorporation dateThe date the legal entity was incorporated
LegalEntity:innCodeidentifierINNRussian company ID
LegalEntity:jurisdictioncountryJurisdictionCountry or region in which this entity operates
LegalEntity:legalFormstringLegal form
LegalEntity:mainCountrycountryCountry of originPrimary country of this entity
LegalEntity:membershipMemberMembershipMembershipssee Membership:member (inverse)
LegalEntity:okpoCodeidentifierOKPORussian industry classifier
LegalEntity:opencorporatesUrlurlOpenCorporates URL
LegalEntity:operatedVehiclesVehicleVehicles operatedsee Vehicle:operator (inverse)
LegalEntity:ownedVehiclesVehicleVehicles ownedsee Vehicle:owner (inverse)
LegalEntity:ownershipOwnerOwnershipAssets and sharessee Ownership:owner (inverse)
LegalEntity:parentLegalEntityParent companyIf this entity is a subsidiary, another entity (company or organisation) is its parent
LegalEntity:phonephonePhonePhone number
LegalEntity:registrationNumberidentifierRegistration numberCompany registration number
LegalEntity:sectorstringSector
LegalEntity:securitiesSecurityIssued securitiessee Security:issuer (inverse)
LegalEntity:statusstringStatus
LegalEntity:subsidiariesLegalEntitySubsidiariessee LegalEntity:parent (inverse)
LegalEntity:swiftBicidentifierSWIFT/BICBank identifier code
LegalEntity:taxNumberidentifierTax NumberTax identification number
LegalEntity:taxStatusstringTax status
LegalEntity:vatCodeidentifierV.A.T. Identifier(EU) VAT number
LegalEntity:websiteurlWebsiteWebsite address
Organization:directorshipOrganizationDirectorshipDirectorssee Directorship:organization (inverse)
Organization:membershipOrganizationMembershipMemberssee Membership:organization (inverse)

Representation - Representations

A mediatory, intermediary, middleman, or broker acting on behalf of a legal entity.

ExtendsInterest · Interval
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Interval:datedateDate
Interval:descriptiontextDescription
Interval:endDatedateEnd date
Interval:modifiedAtdateModified on
Interval:publisherstringPublishing source
Interval:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Interval:recordIdstringRecord ID
Interval:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Interval:sourceUrlurlSource link
Interval:startDatedateStart date
Interval:summarytextSummary
Interest:rolestringRole
Interest:statusstringStatus
Representation:agentLegalEntityAgent
Representation:clientLegalEntityClient

Sanction - Sanctions

A sanction designation

ExtendsInterval
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Interval:datedateDate
Interval:descriptiontextDescription
Interval:endDatedateEnd date
Interval:modifiedAtdateModified on
Interval:publisherstringPublishing source
Interval:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Interval:recordIdstringRecord ID
Interval:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Interval:sourceUrlurlSource link
Interval:startDatedateStart date
Interval:summarytextSummary
Sanction:authoritystringAuthority
Sanction:countrycountryCountry
Sanction:durationstringDuration
Sanction:entityThingEntity
Sanction:listingDatedateListing date
Sanction:programstringProgram
Sanction:reasontextReason
Sanction:statusstringStatus

Security - Securities

A tradeable financial asset.

ExtendsAsset · Thing · Value
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Thing:addressaddressAddress
Thing:addressEntityAddressAddress
Thing:aliasnameOther name
Thing:countrycountryCountry
Thing:descriptiontextDescription
Thing:keywordsstringKeywords
Thing:modifiedAtdateModified on
Thing:namestringName
Thing:notestextNotes
Thing:previousNamenamePrevious name
Thing:programstringProgram
Thing:publisherstringPublishing source
Thing:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Thing:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Thing:sanctionsSanctionSanctionssee Sanction:entity (inverse)
Thing:sourceUrlurlSource link
Thing:summarytextSummary
Thing:topicstopicTopics
Thing:unknownLinkFromUnknownLinkLinked fromsee UnknownLink:object (inverse)
Thing:unknownLinkToUnknownLinkLinked tosee UnknownLink:subject (inverse)
Thing:weakAliasstringWeak alias
Thing:wikidataIdidentifierWikidata ID
Thing:wikipediaUrlurlWikipedia Article
Value:amountnumberAmount
Value:amountEurnumberAmount in EUR
Value:amountUsdnumberAmount in USD
Value:currencystringCurrency
Asset:ownershipAssetOwnershipOwnerssee Ownership:asset (inverse)
Security:classificationstringClassification
Security:collateralstringCollateral
Security:isinidentifierISINInternational Securities Identification Number
Security:issueDatedateDate issued
Security:issuerLegalEntityIssuer
Security:tickeridentifierTicker
Security:typestringType

UnknownLink - Other links

ExtendsInterest · Interval
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Interval:datedateDate
Interval:descriptiontextDescription
Interval:endDatedateEnd date
Interval:modifiedAtdateModified on
Interval:publisherstringPublishing source
Interval:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Interval:recordIdstringRecord ID
Interval:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Interval:sourceUrlurlSource link
Interval:startDatedateStart date
Interval:summarytextSummary
Interest:rolestringRole
Interest:statusstringStatus
UnknownLink:objectThingObject
UnknownLink:subjectThingSubject

Vessel - Vessels

A boat or ship. Typically flying some sort of national flag.

ExtendsVehicle · Asset · Thing · Value
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Thing:addressaddressAddress
Thing:addressEntityAddressAddress
Thing:aliasnameOther name
Thing:countrycountryCountry
Thing:descriptiontextDescription
Thing:keywordsstringKeywords
Thing:modifiedAtdateModified on
Thing:namestringName
Thing:notestextNotes
Thing:previousNamenamePrevious name
Thing:programstringProgram
Thing:publisherstringPublishing source
Thing:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Thing:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Thing:sanctionsSanctionSanctionssee Sanction:entity (inverse)
Thing:sourceUrlurlSource link
Thing:summarytextSummary
Thing:topicstopicTopics
Thing:unknownLinkFromUnknownLinkLinked fromsee UnknownLink:object (inverse)
Thing:unknownLinkToUnknownLinkLinked tosee UnknownLink:subject (inverse)
Thing:weakAliasstringWeak alias
Thing:wikidataIdidentifierWikidata ID
Thing:wikipediaUrlurlWikipedia Article
Value:amountnumberAmount
Value:amountEurnumberAmount in EUR
Value:amountUsdnumberAmount in USD
Value:currencystringCurrency
Asset:ownershipAssetOwnershipOwnerssee Ownership:asset (inverse)
Vehicle:buildDatedateBuild Date
Vehicle:modelstringModel
Vehicle:operatorLegalEntityOperator
Vehicle:ownerLegalEntityOwner
Vehicle:registrationDatedateRegistration Date
Vehicle:registrationNumberidentifierRegistration number
Vehicle:typestringType
Vessel:callSignidentifierCall Sign
Vessel:crsNumberidentifierCRS Number
Vessel:flagcountryFlag
Vessel:grossRegisteredTonnagenumberGross Registered Tonnage
Vessel:imoNumberidentifierIMO Number
Vessel:mmsiidentifierMMSI
Vessel:nameChangeDatedateDate of Name Change
Vessel:navigationAreastringNavigation Area
Vessel:pastFlagsstringPast Flags
Vessel:pastNamesnamePast Names
Vessel:pastTypesstringPast Types
Vessel:registrationPortstringPort of Registration
Vessel:tonnagestringTonnage

Interval - Interval

An object which is bounded in time.

Extends
Sub-typesAddress · Directorship · Family · Identification · Interest · Membership · Ownership · Passport · Representation · Sanction · UnknownLink
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Interval:datedateDate
Interval:descriptiontextDescription
Interval:endDatedateEnd date
Interval:modifiedAtdateModified on
Interval:publisherstringPublishing source
Interval:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Interval:recordIdstringRecord ID
Interval:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Interval:sourceUrlurlSource link
Interval:startDatedateStart date
Interval:summarytextSummary

Vehicle - Vehicles

ExtendsAsset · Thing · Value
Sub-typesAirplane · Vessel
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Thing:addressaddressAddress
Thing:addressEntityAddressAddress
Thing:aliasnameOther name
Thing:countrycountryCountry
Thing:descriptiontextDescription
Thing:keywordsstringKeywords
Thing:modifiedAtdateModified on
Thing:namestringName
Thing:notestextNotes
Thing:previousNamenamePrevious name
Thing:programstringProgram
Thing:publisherstringPublishing source
Thing:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Thing:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Thing:sanctionsSanctionSanctionssee Sanction:entity (inverse)
Thing:sourceUrlurlSource link
Thing:summarytextSummary
Thing:topicstopicTopics
Thing:unknownLinkFromUnknownLinkLinked fromsee UnknownLink:object (inverse)
Thing:unknownLinkToUnknownLinkLinked tosee UnknownLink:subject (inverse)
Thing:weakAliasstringWeak alias
Thing:wikidataIdidentifierWikidata ID
Thing:wikipediaUrlurlWikipedia Article
Value:amountnumberAmount
Value:amountEurnumberAmount in EUR
Value:amountUsdnumberAmount in USD
Value:currencystringCurrency
Asset:ownershipAssetOwnershipOwnerssee Ownership:asset (inverse)
Vehicle:buildDatedateBuild Date
Vehicle:modelstringModel
Vehicle:operatorLegalEntityOperator
Vehicle:ownerLegalEntityOwner
Vehicle:registrationDatedateRegistration Date
Vehicle:registrationNumberidentifierRegistration number
Vehicle:typestringType

Asset - Assets

A piece of property which can be owned and assigned a monetary value.

ExtendsThing · Value
Sub-typesAirplane · Company · Security · Vehicle · Vessel
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Thing:addressaddressAddress
Thing:addressEntityAddressAddress
Thing:aliasnameOther name
Thing:countrycountryCountry
Thing:descriptiontextDescription
Thing:keywordsstringKeywords
Thing:modifiedAtdateModified on
Thing:namestringName
Thing:notestextNotes
Thing:previousNamenamePrevious name
Thing:programstringProgram
Thing:publisherstringPublishing source
Thing:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Thing:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Thing:sanctionsSanctionSanctionssee Sanction:entity (inverse)
Thing:sourceUrlurlSource link
Thing:summarytextSummary
Thing:topicstopicTopics
Thing:unknownLinkFromUnknownLinkLinked fromsee UnknownLink:object (inverse)
Thing:unknownLinkToUnknownLinkLinked tosee UnknownLink:subject (inverse)
Thing:weakAliasstringWeak alias
Thing:wikidataIdidentifierWikidata ID
Thing:wikipediaUrlurlWikipedia Article
Value:amountnumberAmount
Value:amountEurnumberAmount in EUR
Value:amountUsdnumberAmount in USD
Value:currencystringCurrency
Asset:ownershipAssetOwnershipOwnerssee Ownership:asset (inverse)

Thing - Thing

Extends
Sub-typesAirplane · Asset · Company · CryptoWallet · LegalEntity · Organization · Person · PublicBody · Security · Vehicle · Vessel
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Thing:addressaddressAddress
Thing:addressEntityAddressAddress
Thing:aliasnameOther name
Thing:countrycountryCountry
Thing:descriptiontextDescription
Thing:keywordsstringKeywords
Thing:modifiedAtdateModified on
Thing:namestringName
Thing:notestextNotes
Thing:previousNamenamePrevious name
Thing:programstringProgram
Thing:publisherstringPublishing source
Thing:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Thing:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Thing:sanctionsSanctionSanctionssee Sanction:entity (inverse)
Thing:sourceUrlurlSource link
Thing:summarytextSummary
Thing:topicstopicTopics
Thing:unknownLinkFromUnknownLinkLinked fromsee UnknownLink:object (inverse)
Thing:unknownLinkToUnknownLinkLinked tosee UnknownLink:subject (inverse)
Thing:weakAliasstringWeak alias
Thing:wikidataIdidentifierWikidata ID
Thing:wikipediaUrlurlWikipedia Article

Value - Values

Extends
Sub-typesAirplane · Asset · Company · CryptoWallet · Security · Vehicle · Vessel
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Value:amountnumberAmount
Value:amountEurnumberAmount in EUR
Value:amountUsdnumberAmount in USD
Value:currencystringCurrency

Interest - Interest

ExtendsInterval
Sub-typesDirectorship · Membership · Ownership · Representation · UnknownLink
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Interval:datedateDate
Interval:descriptiontextDescription
Interval:endDatedateEnd date
Interval:modifiedAtdateModified on
Interval:publisherstringPublishing source
Interval:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Interval:recordIdstringRecord ID
Interval:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Interval:sourceUrlurlSource link
Interval:startDatedateStart date
Interval:summarytextSummary
Interest:rolestringRole
Interest:statusstringStatus

Type definitions

Schema properties have specific types which define the range of valid values they can hold. Below are the enumerated values for some of the types. Other types perform algorithmic validation, e.g. for phone numbers, URLs or email addresses.

Topics

Topics are used to tag other entities - mainly organizations and people - with semantic roles, e.g. to designate an individual as a politician, terrorist or to hint that a certain company is a bank.

CodeLabel
asset.frozenFrozen asset
corp.offshoreOffshore
corp.shellShell company
crimeCrime
crime.bossCriminal leadership
crime.cyberCybercrime
crime.finFinancial crime
crime.fraudFraud
crime.terrorTerrorism
crime.theftTheft
crime.traffickTrafficking
crime.traffick.drugDrug trafficking
crime.traffick.humanHuman trafficking
crime.warWar crimes
debarmentDebarred entity
finFinancial services
fin.adivsorFinancial advisor
fin.bankBank
fin.fundFund
govGovernment
gov.igoIntergovernmental organization
gov.muniMunicipal government
gov.nationalNational government
gov.soeState-owned enterprise
gov.stateState government
milMilitary
poiPerson of interest
pol.partyPolitical party
pol.unionUnion
relReligion
role.acctAccountant
role.actActivist
role.civilCivil servant
role.diploDiplomat
role.journoJournalist
role.judgeJudge
role.lawyerLawyer
role.pepPolitician
role.rcaAssociate
role.spySpy
sanctionSanctioned entity

Dates

Dates are given in a basic ISO 8601 date or date-time format,YYYY-MM-DD or YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS. In source data, we find varying degrees of precision: some events may be defined as a full timestamp (2021-08-25T09:26:11), while for many we only know a year (2021) or month (2021-08). Such date prefixes are carried through and used to specify date precision as well as the actual value.

Countries

We use a descriptive approach to modelling the countries in our database. If a list refers to a country, so do we. We use ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 as a starting point, but have also included countries that have ceased to exist (e.g. Soviet Union, Yugoslavia) and territories whose status as a country is controversial (e.g. Kosovo, Artsakh). If the presence of a country in this list is offensive to you, we invite you to reflect the mental health impact of being angry at tables on the internet.

CodeLabel
acAscension Island
adAndorra
aeUnited Arab Emirates
afAfghanistan
agAntigua & Barbuda
aiAnguilla
alAlbania
amArmenia
aoAngola
aqAntarctica
arArgentina
asAmerican Samoa
atAustria
auAustralia
awAruba
axÅland Islands
azAzerbaijan
az-nkNagorno-Karabakh
baBosnia & Herzegovina
bbBarbados
bdBangladesh
beBelgium
bfBurkina Faso
bgBulgaria
bhBahrain
biBurundi
bjBenin
blSt. Barthélemy
bmBermuda
bnBrunei
boBolivia
bqCaribbean Netherlands
brBrazil
bsBahamas
btBhutan
bvBouvet Island
bwBotswana
byBelarus
bzBelize
caCanada
ccCocos (Keeling) Islands
cdCongo - Kinshasa
cfCentral African Republic
cgCongo - Brazzaville
chSwitzerland
ciCôte d’Ivoire
ckCook Islands
clChile
cmCameroon
cnChina
cn-xzTibet
coColombia
cpClipperton Island
crCosta Rica
cshhCzechoslovakia
csxxSerbia and Montenegro
cuCuba
cvCape Verde
cwCuraçao
cxChristmas Island
cyCyprus
cy-trncNorthern Cyprus
czCzech Republic
ddEast Germany
deGermany
dgDiego Garcia
djDjibouti
dkDenmark
dmDominica
doDominican Republic
dzAlgeria
eaCeuta & Melilla
ecEcuador
eeEstonia
egEgypt
ehWestern Sahara
erEritrea
esSpain
etEthiopia
euEuropean Union
ezEurozone
fiFinland
fjFiji
fkFalkland Islands
fmMicronesia
foFaroe Islands
frFrance
gaGabon
gbUnited Kingdom
gb-nirNorthern Ireland
gb-sctScotland
gb-wlsWales
gdGrenada
geGeorgia
ge-abAbkhazia
gfFrench Guiana
ggGuernsey
gg-srkSark
ghGhana
giGibraltar
glGreenland
gmGambia
gnGuinea
gpGuadeloupe
gqEquatorial Guinea
grGreece
gsSouth Georgia & South Sandwich Islands
gtGuatemala
guGuam
gwGuinea-Bissau
gyGuyana
hkHong Kong SAR China
hmHeard & McDonald Islands
hnHonduras
hrCroatia
htHaiti
huHungary
icCanary Islands
idIndonesia
ieIreland
ilIsrael
imIsle of Man
inIndia
ioBritish Indian Ocean Territory
iqIraq
irIran
isIceland
itItaly
jeJersey
jmJamaica
joJordan
jpJapan
keKenya
kgKyrgyzstan
khCambodia
kiKiribati
kmComoros
knSt. Kitts & Nevis
kpNorth Korea
krSouth Korea
kwKuwait
kyCayman Islands
kzKazakhstan
laLaos
lbLebanon
lcSt. Lucia
liLiechtenstein
lkSri Lanka
lrLiberia
lsLesotho
ltLithuania
luLuxembourg
lvLatvia
lyLibya
maMorocco
mcMonaco
mdMoldova
md-pmrTransnistria
meMontenegro
mfSt. Martin
mgMadagascar
mhMarshall Islands
mkNorth Macedonia
mlMali
mmMyanmar (Burma)
mnMongolia
moMacao SAR China
mpNorthern Mariana Islands
mqMartinique
mrMauritania
msMontserrat
mtMalta
muMauritius
mvMaldives
mwMalawi
mxMexico
myMalaysia
mzMozambique
naNamibia
ncNew Caledonia
neNiger
nfNorfolk Island
ngNigeria
niNicaragua
nlNetherlands
noNorway
npNepal
nrNauru
nuNiue
nzNew Zealand
omOman
paPanama
pePeru
pfFrench Polynesia
pgPapua New Guinea
phPhilippines
pkPakistan
plPoland
pmSt. Pierre & Miquelon
pnPitcairn Islands
prPuerto Rico
psPalestinian Territories
ptPortugal
pwPalau
pyParaguay
qaQatar
qoOutlying Oceania
reRéunion
roRomania
rsSerbia
ruRussia
rwRwanda
saSaudi Arabia
sbSolomon Islands
scSeychelles
sdSudan
seSweden
sgSingapore
shSt. Helena
siSlovenia
sjSvalbard & Jan Mayen
skSlovakia
slSierra Leone
smSan Marino
snSenegal
soSomalia
so-somSomaliland
srSuriname
ssSouth Sudan
stSão Tomé & Príncipe
suhhSoviet Union
svEl Salvador
sxSint Maarten
sySyria
szEswatini
taTristan da Cunha
tcTurks & Caicos Islands
tdChad
tfFrench Southern Territories
tgTogo
thThailand
tjTajikistan
tkTokelau
tlTimor-Leste
tmTurkmenistan
tnTunisia
toTonga
trTurkey
ttTrinidad & Tobago
tvTuvalu
twTaiwan
tzTanzania
uaUkraine
ugUganda
umU.S. Outlying Islands
unUnited Nations
usUnited States
uyUruguay
uzUzbekistan
vaVatican City
vcSt. Vincent & Grenadines
veVenezuela
vgBritish Virgin Islands
viU.S. Virgin Islands
vnVietnam
vuVanuatu
wfWallis & Futuna
wsSamoa
x-soSouth Ossetia
xaPseudo-Accents
xbPseudo-Bidi
xkKosovo
yeYemen
ytMayotte
yucsYugoslavia
zaSouth Africa
zmZambia
zrZaire
zwZimbabwe
zzGlobal